Thursday, 30 April 2015

Homemade Triggertrap remote trigger

I was reading an article about a Kickstarter project that failed miserably, and found out a company called Triggertrap. Their project failed but they were already selling remote triggers for cameras. Remote triggers are fun, they allow to control camera remotely……..

I have never owned a proper remote trigger, I have always used the time trigger function on my camera.
The remote costs around 42 euros but the app is free. So I thought it should not be hard to build my own remote that works with the app.

The schematic:

2015-04-29_21-57-54

av15121_soldesr
Well, ideally you should use optocouplers to separate the electric circuits, but I like to live dangerously.

2015-03-16 01.05.11

It fits neatly in this little red box. Now I can take selfies 10 meters away.

2015-04-29 22.18.36

Well really, quite useful thing while doing time lapse photography.

 

Wednesday, 8 April 2015

RFID experiments

Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is a way to use electromagnetic fields to send and receive data wirelessly. The system consists of two parts: reader and a tag.  Tags can be passive or active. I think the most popular are passive tags. Meaning, there are no batteries needed, the power comes from the reader. The reader constantly sends out an interrogation signal and when a tag absorbs the energy and powers up, it radiates back information from the embedded chip.

Then it divides further - different frequencies, generations, encryptions etc.

Also one popular part is NFC (Near Field Communication) which has better security and other improvements. Latest phones usually come with NFC read/write capabilities built in.  So you can pay with your phone or touch phones together to share information. A lot of possibilities.




 

RFID/NFC is quite popular in our commercial world.

  • Anti-theft – stores use it to stop people stealing stuff.

  • Tracking people - putting tags inside shoes to track people, some festivals or nightclubs but them inside wristbands.

  • Payment – all kinds of simple payments systems or paying with a phone

  • Transportation - tag on a car so you will be charged automatically etc.

  • Security – opening doors, gates etc.

  • Public transport

  • Passports and other cards – rumored bombs that only explode when there is a US passport nearby.

  • Animal identification

  • Sporting events – games, lap times etc.






 

Homemade 125 kHz FSK tag reader


 

So of course there are two ways to approach this problem. The first way is to build your own goods, second way is to buy necessary stuff. I went with the third way – buying stuff and meanwhile building my own stuff.

Went with scanlime’s “World's simplest RFID reader” design and there is also an Arduino implementation of the same thing.

 

im8888

 

FSK-RFID-reader-v2 (1)

Lately I like to build these “development” beds, where it would be easy to add/remove stuff and also it adds rigidness without having a case.

Blue Plexiglas is pretty hip, got to unleash my artistic skills....

Arduino generates a 125 KHz carrier.





 

Antenna design.

At first I went pretty loose on the antenna design luckily/obviously that did not work.

Source

inductor

The coil needs to resonate at 125 KHz. I chose a random capacitor - 10nF. Working out the inductance gave me 162µH.

If that is done we need to calculate the coil's dimensions that correspond to 162µH.

Source

coil

I used an old bottle with a diameter of 6.9 cm. With that diameter I needed to make a coil with 33 turns.

I also experimented with various diameters and capacitor values – weirdly enough all of them worked.

The biggest problem is that I do not have the right tags. The system detects a tag but it does not decode it (yet?). But it does detect a tag so that is a win I guess.

Here is it in action:
[youtube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uIPWu6yvwJM]